New Jersey City University Stakeholder Theory Discussion

Stakeholder Theory — the notion that a company’s success depends not only on its owners/shareholders, but also on a myriad of groups without whose support it could not exist — is not a new concept. It dates back to the mid-80’s and a landmark book written by R. Edward Freeman, a professor at the University of Virginia. In this publication, Dr. Freeman discusses the strategic importance of relationships with customers, employees, vendors, suppliers, community groups, governmental bodies, the media, the environment, and more. In contrast, the work of Milton Friedman embraces the prevailing shareholder theory of capitalism: that a company’s sole responsibility is to make money for its shareholders. Dr. Friedman believed that a company has no real social responsibility to the public, because the shareholders themselves would take on the social responsibility to other stakeholders. This is the notion that dominated economic thinking for much of the 20th century and continues to be reflected in corporate finance textbooks today! The debate came into sharper focus in the summer of 2019 when the Business Roundtable — a meeting of CEO’s of major corporations — produced a document called the “Statement of Purpose of a Corporation.” The document was signed by 184 CEO’s, led by JP Morgan Chase CEO Jamie Diamond. While it did not specifically use the phrase “stakeholder capitalism,” the statement called for “a fundamental commitment to all of our stakeholders” and mentioned “specific commitments to customers, employees, supplier, communities, and shareholders.” This is an interesting change of heart from 23 years earlier, when the Business Roundtable declared “the paramount duty of management and of Boards of Directors is to the corporation’s stockholders.” What are the issues? Is the movement related to the growing interest in Sustainable-Responsible-Impact Investing? Have the Covid pandemic, economic slowdown, and social unrest intensified the scrutiny? How will the change in administration affect the outcome of the debate? Summarize an article or opinion-piece that weighs in on the discussion and identify any new questions it raises. Please make your inital post within a week, i.e. by September 8, so that the class has ample opportunity to comment on it. Be sure to cite the article in APA 7th format.

BR) Business Roundtable. (2019, August 19). Business Roundtable Redefines the Purpose of a Corporation to Promote ‘An Economy That Serves All Americans’. Retrieved 9/1/2021 from

Freeman, R. E. (Original publication1984, re-issued 2010). Strategic management: A stakeholder approach. Cambridge University Press.

Friedman, M. (2003). Capitalism and freedom. 40th anniversary edition. University of Chicago Press.

Simon, B. (2021). What is stakeholder theory and how does it impact an organization? Smartsheet. Retrieved 9/1/2021 from

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!