A new breed of machines emerged toward the end of the seventeenth century, developing through the…

A new breed of machines emerged toward the end of the seventeenth century, developing through the eighteenth and into the early nineteenth. Clock makers and inventors, and their philosophical audiences, turned theories about animal- and human- machinery into an experimental program: they built androids and automata that reproduced as closely as possible their natural subjects. These machines, like Dr. Reisel’s artificial man, seemed active, and self-moving. All these human-like machines or androids unsurprisingly had a decidedly Cartesian meaning: According to Descartes, a machine “could never use words, or put together other signs, as we [humans] do in order to declare our thoughts to others. He also says that “automaton would lack general reasoning abilities.” However, Descartes says that the functions of animals follow from the Automaton and machine. A Cartesian machine is a collection of bodies whose operations can be explained on mechanical principles alone: its parts are just parts of extension, and their motions are entirely subordinated to the laws of nature. These automata, like Dr. Reisel’s artificial man:

a.were clockworks, built based on scientific study of the subject. Though they were not able to act like a thinking person, Descartes believed that progress in technology soon or late would make them thinking and reasoning machines.

b.As Descartes believed, the source of motion in animal bodies was an extremely volatile fluid, called animal spirit or the vital principle, distributed through the nerves.

c.Followers of Descartes believed that a similar spirit is responsible for the motion of human being, and by its discovery, all androids would be self-moving machines.

d.They signified the lack of a rational soul, of a capacity for reason and intellect. the movement of their heart, the play of their lungs, the swallowing of food, though seemed natural, they never crossed the Cartesian boundary between mechanical body and rational soul.

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!