In this exercise, we will explore the control unit for a cache controller for a processor with a write buffer. Use the finite state machine found in Figure 5.39 as a starting point for designing your own finite state machines. Assume that the cache controller is for the simple direct-mapped cache described on page 474 (Figure 5.39 in Section 5.9), but you will add a write buffer with a capacity of one block.
Recall that the purpose of a write buffer is to serve as temporary storage so that the processor doesn’t have to wait for two memory accesses on a dirty miss. Rather than writing back the dirty block before reading the new block, it buffers the dirty block and immediately begins reading the new block. The dirty block can then be written to main memory while the processor is working.
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