Discussion Board and replies Document included below.

For each forum, post a thread in response to the topic prompts provided. Your post should contain 400–500 words and adhere to AMA writing style guidelines. This word limit promotes writing that is thorough yet concise enough to permit your peers to read all the posts. If the Discussion Board Forum prompts you to answer a series of questions, make sure you address all of them thoroughly within the word limit. Do not restate the questions in your post; simply begin a new paragraph for each new thought. The goal is to have a seamless written argument closed by a brief conclusion tying together your individual responses. Use your best critical reasoning skills, employing the Universal Intellectual Standards as a guide, but not a strict outline. Refer to specific statements of the author(s) whenever appropriate but limit direct quotations to a maximum of 25 words for your entire post. Since this is a personal discussion, you may use first person; however, you should maintain professional decorum at all times.

Read the issue brief from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation entitled “Education and Health” 2011, located in the Reading and Study folder for this module/week. Discuss the following points in your thread. Review the Discussion Board Instructions before posting your thread.

  • There appears to be a dose-response relationship between educational attainment and health—the more you get, the better it is. Why this is true is not clearly understood, though several reasonable hypotheses have been proposed. Describe the 3 interrelated pathways presented as explanations for this relationship in this brief. Which do you feel is the strongest? Why?
  • According to data presented in the brief, “the United States is the only industrialized nation where young people currently are less likely than members of their parents’ generation to be high-school graduates.” What evidence is given to support this statement? Why do you think this situation exists? What will it take to correct it?
  • As would be expected, parents’ educational attainment is linked to their children’s health and even their educational attainment. These linkages, in turn, influence the health and educational attainment of their children’s children, as well, perpetuating an endless intergenerational cycle of high (or low) educational attainment and its associated better (or poorer) health. How does this fit with the biblical understanding of multigenerational influence (Exodus 34:6–7)? In what ways can the Church help interrupt the vicious cycle beginning with low educational attainment? Pray that God will use you to be a positive influence on your children in this area or on others whom God will bring across your path.

Replies needed 200 words with sources

First reply: Kelsey Taylor

Education vs. Health


Correlating Education Levels and Health Rates

This article greatly shows the believed correlation between education and health. From it one can infer that increased education relays a better quality of life and better overall health. As mentioned in the article, “education can lead to improved health by increasing health knowledge and health behaviors.”1 Education helps prevent many health issues as individuals are more likely to understand what is healthy and what is not. This helps those individuals make better choices overall and promote better health. It is also suggested that “greater educational attainment leads to better employment opportunities and higher income, which are linked to better health.”1 Increased education typically leads to better jobs and better income. With this follows benefits such as insurance plans allowing individuals to have better access to medical care. Lastly it is suggested that “education is linked with social and psychological factors that affect health.” 1 This is believed to be related to factors such as stress, practical and emotional support. Although all of these pathways are important I believe increased education and income are the strongest. Increased income allows for greater access to medical care and it helps to make medical care affordable. Lack of money and expensive medical care is a major reason why many individuals avoid medical care all together. Without the extra worry of cost individuals may be more likely to seek medical attention early when needed rather than when their situations worsen.

Recent studies have shown that young people within the United States are less likely to obtain their high-school diploma compared to older generations as studies show evidence for a decrease in rates. 1 Underlying causes of this can include the lack of parent interaction. Education helped to land many parents jobs that are needed to provide for their families. As a result, younger generations are left unattended more as their parents are forced to work. Other factors can include the lack of parenting. The United States is known to have the world’s “highest rate of children living in single-parent households” as “almost a quarter of U.S. children under the age of 18 live with one parent and no other adults (23%), more than three times the share of children around the world who do so (7%) .” 2 I believe increased rates of divorce have helped to increase the number of single parents along with an increased rate of children being born before marriage. It is important to provide more resources for single-parent homes. We must form a support system for parents who have to constantly work. After school programs can help create interactive ways from students to become more engaged while their parents may be at work. This creates less stress on the parent and allows the student to receive more help or guidance when needed.

Second reply:

Luke Carbonaro

Be Grateful for Your Health


Good evening everyone and a Happy Thanksgiving to all; hope everyone is staying both safe and stuffed. It is accepted in our society that those who go to college live better lives. This is typically the wisdom that focusses on economic advantages in the long run with college graduates typically earning more over their careers than those who never seek post-secondary degrees. However, the brief from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation takes this a step further in that it suggests that higher educational attainment has a causal relationship with health. The Johnson Foundation states that those who receive additionally education have more health knowledge, have access to higher quality health insurance, and have developed better social networks which all lead to improved health (vis a vis an aggregate)1. These distal effects all have merits but perhaps the one with the best predictive impact is having a white-collar employment that offers higher salary and better quality health insurance. By having a career which is lax taxing physically and also provides for a better overall quality of life coupled with better health insurance coverage, enables those that fit this category to thrive more1.

The Johnson Foundation report also goes on to postulate that American millennials will be the first generation in the history of the United States that will not have a higher rate of high school graduates than a previous generation. This is highly faulty information, but perhaps it was more relevant based upon its dataset that is around 15 years old1. According to the October 2014 report from The Council of Academic Advisors to the President of the United States, American millennials (a report which was published only three after the Johnson Foundation report) are not only outpacing previous generations regarding high school graduation but are far outpacing those previous generations in graduation from undergraduate as well as graduate studies2. Not only is it irresponsible to continually predicate arguments based upon this outdated dataset it is detrimental to how public health professionals model their approach to their outreach and public education programs.

As I have opined over the weeks in this course, it is prudent for the Church to be a beacon of the community and to enable its members to work (volunteer) their time and abilities to aiding those most disadvantaged. This achieves what is stated in Exodus that those who return to the Lord (i.e. the Church) will enable their families to thrive for generations to come.

Reference List

  1. Education and Health. Rwjf.org. Published April 1, 2011. Accessed November 25, 2020. https://www.rwjf.org/en/library/research/2011/05/e…
  2. The Council of Economic Advisers. (2014). 15 ECONOMIC FACTS ABOUT MILLENNIALS. Retrieved November 25, 2020, from https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default…
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