in the scenario assignments, you are asked to reflect on responses to the presented scenario. This should not just be writing down your first reaction or what you already know. Reflection involves critical thinking, which means rethinking your existing knowledge and previously held opinions in light of what we have learned about theories of ethics, logic, and reasoning. You will need to question your existing knowledge and beliefs.
To complete each scenario assignment:
Complete the entire scenario.
Compose your reflection in a Word document and be sure to address, at a minimum, the following questions:
Why do you feel the way you do about the issue presented?
Of the four responses offered in the scenario, which do you feel is the most ethical and why?
Support your conclusions with evidence and specific examples from the textbook, as well as other sources as needed.
-Good afternoon everyone. Thank you for coming to today’s session. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) present massive, global threats to human health. And discussions about HIV and AIDS bring up many ethics’ issues based on the marginalized populations most affected by the disease, because HIV and AIDS are tied to poverty, the sex trade, and other social issues that make progress difficult and education essential. The question we will be discussing today is, what immediate course or courses of action should we take to slow the spread of HIV and AIDS in Africa?” We would like to come to consensus on this matter and publicize our recommendations.
-We need to get more condoms into less developed areas of Africa, where AIDS is running rampant. Condom uses decrease the likelihood of contracting HIV tenfold. We also need to address real world issues such as resistance in the supply chain. OF course, we want to stress education alone is nowhere near effective enough to combat this problem.
-I agree that condom use is vital, but we also need to implement mandatory HIV testing in some areas. It is potentially intrusive, but without it, no practical way exists to stop the spread of HIV and AIDS. Mandatory testing would bring huge benefits to both individuals and society, as the early detection and treatment of HIV has proven to be a successful way to limit the transmission of the virus to others, and to improve the survival rates of HIV-positive patients. You mentioned resistance issues with the condom supply chain, and I Agree. Some of the charitable organizations currently disturbing goods in Africa refuse to distribute condoms for religious reasons, so we can’t depend on condom distribution alone. People who don’t undergo testing will remain ignorant of their status and will continue to spread the infection in the community. We must have mandatory testing to convince infected persons to use condoms.
-Thank you. Can you please share with our audience just how many people are infected with HIV?
-According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were about 2.3 million new infections in 2012, worldwide. That’s more than 6300 new HIV infections per day.
-Those numbers are staggering.
-Circumventing a supply problem by committing a human rights violation is not an ethical solution, DR. Williams. Mandatory HIV testing would have disastrous consequences for a erson whose results are disclose publically. It would expose HIV-positive people to their professions, sexual orientations, or other’s fears. A mandatory HIV-testing stratedy ignores basic human rights to privacy and confidentiality as well as the concept of informed consent. Testing should happen, but it needs to be voluntary, accessible, and available with a guarantee. That identifying information will not be released without consent.
-the current average life expectancy in Zambia is 33 years. That’s the lowest in the world and AIDS is a major contributing factor. Mandatory testing can identify those who pose the greatest threat to the health of the population. We have to keep the greater good in mind here. What good are policies if people are still dying in such huge numbers. I agree that education and condoms can be parts of the solution, but the tests must be done.
-Dr Williams A member of our audience wants to know if condom distribution programs work.
-10 out of 11 studies found that condom distribution programs increased condom use among participants. However, these studies rely on self-reported information regarding condom use.
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